How to find Economics job in Ethiopia

According studies, there are over 700,000 forms of nonverbal communica­tion How to find Economics job in Ethiopia. For discussion purposes, however, these forms can be grouped into general categories. These categories are:

  • Facial expressions and eye behavior
  • Gestures and postures
  • Vocal character­istics
  • Personal appearance
  • Touching behavior, and
  • Use of time and space.

 

  1. Facial expression and eye behavior

 The face is a rich source of information. Facial expressions convey a wide range of emotions such as attention and interest, influence over others, regulate interaction, and estab­lish dominance. The eyes and face can divulge hidden emotions- anger, annoyance, confusion, enthusiasm, fear, hatred, joy, love, interest, sorrow, surprise, uncertainty, and others. Although the eyes and the face are usually a reliable source of meaning, people sometimes manipulates their expressions to simulate an emotion they do not feel or to mask their true feelings.

 

A new employee may answer ‘yes’ hesitantly, ashamed, or embarrassed to tell the truth when asked if s/he understands the supervisor’s oral instruction. Yet that employee’s frown or red face and bewildered expression in the eyes should prompt the observant supervisor to consider restating the instruction more clearly.

 

  1. Gestures and postures

 By moving their bodies, people can express both specific and general messages, some of which are voluntary and some of which are involuntary. Many gestures – a wave of the hand, for example – have a specific and intentional meaning, such as “hello” or “goodbye.” Clenched fists pounding on a table or podium may indicate anger or emphasis. Continual gestures with arms while speaking may signal nervousness; they may also distract listeners’ attention from the spoken words.  These unconscious signals reveal whether a person feels confident or nervous, friendly or hostile, assertive or passive, powerful or powerless.

 

Posture conveys impressions of self-confidence, status, and interest. Confident executives may have a relaxed posture and yet stand more erect than a timid subordinate. Interested persons occasionally lean forward toward the speaker, while those who are bored or annoyed may slump – as well as yawn and repeatedly glance at their watches.

 

Gestures can be used to punctuate a statement; for example, pointing to emphasize or signaling to get attention. Movements all too often indicate tension or boredom. Shifting in one’s seat, foot tapping, or finger drumming, are all signs of inattentiveness and should be restricted. By paying attention to these, you can tell when a resident is nervous, exhausted, ready to end your visit, or any one of a number of other messages. Thus, gestures and movements do have meanings.

 

To be a skilled communicator, you need to be able to read their meanings and to effectively use gestures and movements to convey your messages.

 

  1. Vocal characteristics

 Like body language, a person’s voice carries both intentional and unintentional messages. On a conscious level, we can use our voices to create various impressions. For example, consider the phrase “Where were you?” If you repeat that question four or five times, changing your tone of voice and stressing various words, you can convey quite different messages. A person’s tone of voice can affect the meaning of her/his words. Suppose your classmate enters your dorm & you say, “how nice to see you.” Your classmate will use your tone of voice to decide whether you are pleased, surprised, or sarcastic. In this case, your vocal tones convey more information than your words. Vocal tones convey the most information when they are a change from the person’s usual tone of voice – say when a person’s voice is uncharacteristically high-pitched.

 

Recognizing the importance of vocal tones, Jaguar’s senior executives enhanced commitment to quality by using middle managers listen to taped interviews with customers, rather than distributing written survey results. Hearing the intensity of customers’ complains about service inspired managers to make improvements. Similarly, Procter & Gamble disseminates customer complaints in the form of a half-taped of calls. According to executives there, employees react much different to the oral messages than to a sheet of statistics.

 

However, your vocal characteristics also reveal many things that you are unaware of. The tone and volume of your voice, your accent and speaking pace, and all the little um’s and ah’s that creep into your speech say a lot about who you are, your relationship with the audience, and the emotions underlying your words.

 

  1. Personal appearance

An individual’s appearance helps establish his or her social iden­tity. Aspects of physical appearance such as clothing, hairstyle, jewelry, & makeup communicate people’s values & social group. People respond to us on the basis of our physical attractiveness. When people think we’re capable and attractive, we feel good about ourselves, and this affects our behavior, which in turn affects other people’s perceptions of us. In most busi­nesses, a professional image is appropriate. In the work place, the norms for appropriate physical appearance depend on the industry, job, geographical location & culture, & organizational culture. People who fail to live up to these norms typically create a bad impression. Their physical appearance is interpreted as meaning they either do not understand their role or do not care about fulfilling it. But some companies or industries are more casual. People in the creative side of advertising, for example, are likely to wear more casual clothes rather than suits and ties.

 

  1. Touching behavior

Touching people in different ways and places can silently communicate friendship, love, approval, hatred, anger, or other motives and feelings. A kiss on the check, pat on the shoulder, or slap on the back is prompted by various attitude and emotions. Perhaps because it implies intimacy, touching behavior is governed by relatively strict customs that establish who can touch whom, and how, in various circumstances. The accepted norms vary depending on the gender, age, relative status, and cultural background of the individuals involved. In business situations, touching suggests dominance, and so a higher-­status person is more likely to touch a lower-status person than the other way around.

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