Types of interviews
Dear learners, in the previous section you have studied the major activities in the interview process. In this section you will study the types of interview Job interview Questions in Ethiopia and guidelines to be followed while you act as an interviewer and interviewee.
Dear students, in the following section you will study the types of interview. As you can imagine there are different types of interview classified based on several criteria. But generally, we can classify interview as follows:
There are two kinds of informational interviews. In one, the information seeker initiates the session. Information seeking interviews include: Surveys, diagnosis, investigations, & exit interviews. In other cases the information giver organizes the meeting. Information giving interviews include employee orientations, training sessions & briefings such as a boss might give an assistant before leaving on a trip.
Interviewer gathers information upon which to base conclusions, make interpretations, and determine future actions. E.g. Market researcher gathers information before developing new product.
Interviewer collects information for use in understanding and treating a problem. E.g. Health care worker examines patient before determining treatment.
Interviewer collects information for late publication. E.g. company president interviewed by reporter about plans to relocate company to another city.
Interviewer gathers information as a basis for future decision. E.g. Purchasing agent discusses competing products with users before deciding which to order.
Interviewer collects information to determine cause of event.
E.g. Insurance agent examines validity of accident claim
Interviewer determines reasons why employee is leaving organization. E.g. Owner asks employee is taking job with competitor. The interviewer tries to understand why the interviewee is leaving the organization or transferring to another department or division. The departing employee should be encouraged to focus on events and processes rather than personal gripes (and that is were the questions should direct him)
- Job (employment) interviews:
The job candidate wants to learn about the position and the organization the employer wants to learn about the applicant’s abilities and experience. Both hope to make impression and establish rapport. Job interviews are usually fairly formal and structured.
Employment Interview is a face-to-face encounter between prospective employee and prospective employer. Although the prospective employer usually takes the lead during the interview, the person seeking employment is at the same time interviewing the prospective employer.
This is one of the most important interviews between the ultimate productivity of an organization depends on the ability of its management to recruit and select the best personnel. In addition, an individual carrier often depends on the prospective employee’s ability to select the right job with the right firm or organization.
If you are the interviewee, you cannot take a passive role in the employment interview process. You must become actively involved if you hope to find a job that specifically fits your abilities and interests. Some of the things you can do to increase the effectiveness of the employment interview.
- Investigate the employment market.
Unless you know exactly which organization interest you, you need to research the possibilities; if you have specific organizations in mind, you need to research what problems the organization or the potential boss has that your skills can help solve.
Before the job interviews are held you need to conduct some information seeking interviews with
- People who do what you would like to do and do it well.
- Successful people (especially from your chosen field)
- People who have access to information you need.
- People who have access to other people you may want to contact.
If all go well, the above information will help interviewees in the following facet.
- Information about the general field and/or the specific organization you wish to pursue, such as
- Jargon terms
- The most and least successful organizations (why/why not?)
- Problems of the industry or a specific company.
- Outstanding individuals in the field or in a specific company.
- Key magazines or journals.
- Current salary ranges
- Current vacancies or where located.
- Evaluation of your carrier goals, resume, interviewing skills, appearance, and so on.
- Names of other people (referrals) you can contact for further information.
- Information interviews are best when conducted in person, but phone interviews can be made.
Once you have all the information you need as an interviewee about a specific job area, you are ready to begin interviewing for actual positions.
- Plan initial communication with employment interviewer carefully.
The initial contact may take the form of a letter, a resume, or a phone conversation. However, before contacting the potential interviewer by any of these methods, find out as much as you can about the firm(s) to which you are applying. Try to talk with some one who has been working with the firm, ask for literature such as the annual report that explains the firm and its policies. The only way to get information about small organization is to call them and ask. A call to the company receptionist or the sales, marketing or public relations departments should give you information on the company or a specific job.
The letter of application
Keep in mind that the purpose of the letter of application is to give enough information about you and your capabilities to interest the employer in talking with you personally.
In addition to the letter of application, the resume is a way of communication with a prospective employer. If properly done, it can give you can give you an advantage over others applying for the same position. Among other things, interviewees need to have the following considerations.
Have a positive attitude: –Once your communication with the potential employer has produced a date for a personal interview, the second step is to prepare for the interview by adjusting your mental attitude: as necessary. You must feel that you are a person of worth and integrity with a genuine right to be considered for the job.
Be confident in your ability to respond openly and honestly with favorable effect. Approach the interview with a positive attitude Think Success!